Typing equations with vanilla LaTeX and amsmath is slow. It involves lengthy macros and repetition, like typing \boldsymbol{} every time you want to print a bold symbol for vectors. Moreover they are hard to remember: Why aren’t dot and cross product named \cdot and \times, and not \dot and \cross?

The problem is context: We can’t expect amsmath to have context, since there are many disciplines that use LaTeX to print formulas, and the symbols have different meaning in different contexts. Amsmath’s job is not to provide contextual macros, but a robust basis for those who’d like to build them.

We have to build our own macros in order to type less and express more. For example, taking a partial derivative is a very common operation:

In order to print this, I typed

$\frac{\partial x}{\partial y}$

Too many characters for such a simple operation, don’t you think? What if we defined a macro for partial derivatives:

\newcommand{\partd}[2]{\partial #1}{\partial #2}

\partd stands for partial derivative, which is short and easy to remember. With this macro at hand, I can just type


The number of characters decreased from 25 to 12, which is more than 50%!

Let’s see what we can do with bold symbols. Amsmath offers \boldsymbol for that purpose. To print regular a, you just type it: $a$. But to print bold a, you have to type 13 more characters: $\boldsymbol{a}$. This is absurd!

We can define a shorter macro that uses \boldsymbol


effectively decreasing the number of extra characters from 13 to 4. But wait! We can do even better.

The only input \B{} will receive is A-Z, a-z, 0-9, and possibly \alpha-\omega. So with this limited set of inputs, we can get rid of the curly braces by defining


and so on for each desired character. This would decrease the number of extra characters to 2: just \B! And we can do this with other math fonts, such as blackboard bold, cursive, fraktur etc. In fact, I already did that with shortsym. I also created a package called lazyeqn containing the contextual macros I always use. You can check both out on my GitHub.

I’ve been using LaTeX since 2010 and enjoy it a lot. I finished homeworks, wrote my thesis and typed out whole lecture notes, in real time during the lecture. When I see a friend begin learning LaTeX, I see them lose time setting equations the hard way, because they don’t know how to define their own macros. I hope this will help them and others become more efficient.